GENDER FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND ITS FACTORS IN YOUTH AGE

  • L. P. Zhuravleva Polissya National University
  • M. V. Laas Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University
Keywords: emotional intelligence, intra-personal and interpersonal emotional intelligence, empathy and its forms of manifestation, components of emotional intelligence, reflection, emotional self-regulation, personal maturity

Abstract

The article is devoted to the substantiation of the concept of emotional intelligence, determination of its internal factors and research of the peculiarities of the phenomenon development in young people. The aim of the article is to investigate the sexual features of the development of emotional intelligence and its factors in young people. The sample was 25 boys and 25 girls, aged 15 to 17 years. Methods used: Emin questionnaire D.V. Lusin, test for determination of integral empathy in young people and young age L.P. Zhuravleva, method of diagnostics of emotional maturity of the person (MDESO) A.S. Kocharyan, M.A. Piven. The results indicate that no gender differences were found between the indicators of general emotional intelligence, but significant differences were found between intrapersonal and interpersonal emotional intelligence. Statistically significant differences were found between the features of the functioning of the factors of emotional intelligence development. The girls are dominated by interpersonal intelligence, a very high level of empathy, promotion not to the detriment of oneself, emotional expressiveness, and reflection. The boys are dominated by intrapersonal emotional intelligence, low levels of integral empathy, altruistic form of empathy, acceptance of their own emotions, and control of expression. Young men and women identify their own emotions, realize, understand the reasons for their occurrence, can verbalize them, rationally relate to past emotional experiences, and set priorities in their lives. At a young age, girls are more inclined to promote not to the detriment of themselves, and boys – to altruistic behavior. Most girls have expressed emotional expression, boys are better at accepting their own emotions. The specific influence of factors on the development of emotional intelligence in boys and girls is determined. The system of factors in girls is broader and more ambivalent than boys. The dominant internal factors of girls’ emotional intelligence are both lower forms of empathy (indifference) and higher (real assistance, altruistic empathy). Antiempathy is an ambivalent factor in emotional intelligence. In boys, the dominant internal factor in emotional intelligence is the acceptance of one’s own emotions.

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Published
2021-02-16
Section
SECTION ІV. PEDAGOGICAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY