The journal accepts the following TYPES OF PAPERS
- Experimental and research paper
- Review paper
- Short communication
RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE FORMAT AND STRUCTURE OF PAPERS
Experimental and research paper
The structure of the paper should meet the international IMRAD standard and contain the following mandatory elements: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References. The length of the main text of the research paper is from about 11 to about 60 thousand characters with spaces (abstract, references, tables and captions to figures not included). The References should normally not exceed 80 sources.
Title of the paper. Concise and informative, but sufficient to understand the content of the work. Avoid abbreviations where possible. If study had deal with a compound, a species, etc include them in the title and do the same if it related with country or region. Translating title into English should not include any transliteration, except for untranslated names of proper nouns. This also applies to abstract and keywords.
Abstract. Structured follow the IMRAD standard, supplements the title, without abbreviations, references and illustrations. The length of Ukrainian and English abstracts is 1800-2000 characters with spaces each.
Keywords. Do not repeat the words from the title, must complete and detail the title of the paper. The number of keywords or phrases is 5-6.
The introduction should highlight the current state of the art and the relevance of the study, show the place of research in the context of the known. This section determines the importance of the problem, the novelty of the research, the scientific “gap” that covers the present study. The introduction should identify the aim and working hypotheses (no more than three hypotheses). The last paragraph should briefly highlight the main results, but do not repeat the abstract.
Material and methods should be provided to ensure reproducibility of the experiment and contain methods of laboratory experiment or field research, the amount of data used for analysis (sample size); a description of the statistical data processing procedures used, indicating the specialized programs in which the analysis was performed. It is recommended to use ANOVA, ANCOVA, MANOVA tests, linear regression, bootstrap analysis, etc. Specify whether the data sample fits the normal distribution.
Authors are obliged to follow ethical standards when working with animals in accordance with the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and other Scientific Purposes from 18.03.1986 (https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show /994_137). Reviewers will pay attention to the authors' compliance with ethical standards when treating animals, non-compliance with these standards may be a reason for rejection of the manuscript.
The Results section includes only a description and analysis of own materials, not mixed with the discussion, and do not refer to the literature. Only the main results (not all that have been obtained) that are relevant to the aim of the study or confirm/reject working hypothesis(s) should be described. Not a chronological description, but a logical description is allowed. The results should be illustrated with the minimum required summary data (initial data or interim calculations may be in additional materials). Only illustrative materials that directly cover the study should be presented. Tables should not duplicate the information already provided in the text.
The Discussion does not replicate the results, compares and discusses obtained results with the literary data. The discussion should be concise, maximize the correct point of view of the author, summarizing the results of their own research and other authors' data to confirm the scientific hypothesis. The discussion should be consistent with the aim and the scientific hypotheses outlined in the Introduction, and should not contain conclusions.
The conclusions briefly characterize the main results described in the manuscript, without any numbering in an arbitrary form. They should not contain the textual repetitions described in the previous sections of the paper. The prospects for further studies should be identified at the end of this section.
Acknowledgements (optional). The author may thank the technical staff, students, colleagues, all those who assisted in the field or experimental data collection, provided helpful advice, etc., but did not actively participate in the preparation of the manuscript. This section also provides information on the sources, which supported the study.
Authors' contribution (optional). Contribution of each co-author should be described.
The review paper should have a length from about 11 to about 60 thousand characters with spaces (abstract, references, tables and title of figures not included). The References should usually not exceed 100 sources. The manuscript should include the following structural elements: an introduction outlining the problem and a description of the recent events/studies that determines the relevance and purpose of the review; informative and related sections with headings representing the synthesis of the author’s ideas and a critical analysis of previously published studies; conclusions and prospects for further studies. The review paper should include textboxes, figures or tables to explain basic concepts or ideas, review case studies, detail approaches and techniques. The annotation should be structured to reflect to the content of the manuscript. The length of the Ukrainian and English abstract should be 1800-2000 characters with spaces.
The journal may publish the first geographical findings of the species, descriptions of the original non-patenting methods and statements of important, exceptional and unexpected cases of experimental studies as short communication papers.
The short communication should not be structured on sections but should contain the main elements of the research paper (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions). The methodology should be short, but sufficient for reproducibility. The abstract is submitted in English only, 1800-2000 characters with spaces long, structured and consistent with the content of the paper. Keywords are in English, 5-6 words or phrases. No more than three illustrative elements (tables, figures, text boxes) may be presented. No more than 20 references should be cited. No more than three short communications are published in one issue.
General recommendations for papers
The manuscript should be consistent, logically complete, with clear wording that eliminates double interpretation or misunderstanding of the information; the language of the text must conform to literary standards, be professional and concise. The author is obliged to ensure high scientific level of the presented material, completeness and systematic coverage of the issue, accuracy of the results and given data, correct citation and references to literary sources. Bibliographic references should be given in the original language or in English.
Use A4 page format with 2 cm margins. Pages and rows should be numbered to facilitate the review process. Times New Roman font, 14 pt, one and a half line spacing should be used. The paper title and the structural elements of the manuscript should be centered, bold, all line.
The UDC is placed in the left corner before the title.
After the title follow information should be presented:
- Author's Name (s)
- ORCID or ResearcherID;
- institution and country;
- the author's email address;
- abstract 1800-2000 characters;
- keywords (in italics).
The main text of the paper should follow the abstract with the keywords
If the paper is in Ukrainian, the first one is a Ukrainian-language abstract with keywords. The second annotation is an English-language abstract, with the title of the paper, the names and initials of the authors, the name of the institution and country. At the end of the abstract, the keywords are in English.
If the paper is in English, the first is an English-language abstract with keywords. The second is an abstract in Ukrainian with keywords, followed by the title of the paper, the names and initials of the authors, the name of the institution and country.
Abstracts, keywords, main part of the paper, references are all aligned in width.
When designing the paper it is not allowed to:
- underlining headings and captions;
- word wrapping in the text;
- use footnotes.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ILLUSTRATIONS
Figures must be original, signed and sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2). The figure caption should be placed below the figure. Illustrations must be prepared and scaled so that the font size of the illustrations does not exceed the size of the main part of the paper by more than 50%.
Tables should be named and sequentially numbered in Arabic numerals: Table 1, Table 2. The table number and title are placed immediately above the tables.
Text boxes are intended to explain basic terms, concepts, ideas, approaches and methods. Boxes should have a short title (max 8 words) and be numbered in Arabic numerals: Box 1, Box 2. The number and name of the text box are placed directly above it. Boxes may contain small figures and tables marked with Roman numerals (e.g. Fig. I, Fig. II; Table I, Table II). References should be listed in the reference list, numbered to follow on from the end of the main text. Text of each box should not exceed 300 words.
All illustrations (figures, tables, text boxes) are placed in the text of the manuscript after the first mention of them.
References are sequentially numbered in Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text of the paper and are indicated in uppercase, indicating the number of the source (for example, "... by conventional methods3-5 ..." or "... by Ivanov6 ..."). The list of References in the original language should be given in the order of their numbering after the main text of the paper with the subtitle: "References". The list of references should be made in accordance with the international style of the American Chemical Society (ACS STYLE) recommended by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine №40 from 12.01.2017. The description of the bibliographic style is given in the methodological recommendations of the Ukrainian Library Association (Bozhenko, O.; Koryan, Y.; Fedorets, M. International citation rules and references in scientific works: methodical recommendations; Ukrainian Library Association: Kyiv, 2016). Please note that according to the ACS style, bibliographic references should be presented with DOI. It is strongly recommended to use bibliographic managers such as Mendeley (https://www.mendeley.com), EndNote, etc to design the bibliography list.
Manuscripts and supplementary documents are accepted only in electronic format on the e-mail: email@example.com
LIST OF DOCUMENTS TO BE SUBMITTED:
1) Manuscript, including UDC, title of manuscript, author's name, institution's name, email address of author responsible for correspondence, abstracts (Ukrainian and English), main text with illustrations, acknowledgements (if necessary), references (in doc., docx format) is emailed. The filename must include the transliterated surname of the first author: (example file name: Ivanov_stattya.doc, docx);
2) Supplement materials (optional) with additional tables, figures, diagrams, etc. (example file name: Ivanov_suppl.pdf) for publication as the electronic document together with the paper.
4) About three potential reviewers, who must be from a different institution than the one where the authors who submitted the manuscript and satisfy the requirements of subparagraph 6 of paragraph 6 of the Procedure for forming the List of Scientific Professional Editions of Ukraine, namely, to undertake research in a subject area and have at least one publication for the last three years in the journals from WoS and/or Scopus databases. In order to avoid conflicts of interest authors may provide the name(s) of unwanted reviewers that will be taken into account by the editorial board when selecting reviewers. If the paper is submitted by one of the editorial board members, then the list of potential reviewers should include at least 4 potential reviewers.
- Authors should specify the scientific area which is relevant to the submitted manuscript according to the following list::
- Bioorganic chemistry
- Genetics, plant physiology and applied botany
- Ichthyology and aquaculture
- Human and animal physiology
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Official site: www.journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/biology
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