STATUS IN THE GROUP AND CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMUNICATION OF SENIOR PRESCHOOLERS: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT

  • Т. I. Onishchuk Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council
Keywords: senior pre-school age, status in group, characteristics of communication, communicative orientation, group

Abstract

The article analyses the theories of scientists and substantiates the role of communication characteristics of pre-schoolers in the formation of the status in the group; It was found that the mental and personal development of a child in senior preschool age is determined by the peculiarity of the social situation of development - being in a preschool education establishment, where the status in the group depends on the characteristics of communication, namely the communication orientation and the level of communication needs. The preschool educational establishment imposed new requirements on a child concerning language development: the language should be literate, brief, clear in thoughts, expressive; in communication, language constructions must meet the expectations of culture. Communication becomes a special school of social relations. The child is still unconsciously discovering the existence of different styles of communication. Most leaders and active members of a group are children who have a high and medium level of need for communication and dialogic orientation. The study found that the main reason influencing the emergence of newly formed structures in the personality of senior pre-schoolers is a change in the social situation of development, which makes new demands on behaviour, activities, learning, the system of relations with adults and peers, new characteristics of communication. The need for communication is one of the main sociogenic traits of a person. It arises in the process of gaining experience in interpersonal interaction. It is based on the need for emotional contact, socialized search for contacts and the appropriate technique of pleasure. It is manifested in the desire of the individual to belong to a group, to be a member, to interact with it, to participate in joint activities, to be together, etc. The need for communication is the starting point that connects a person with those people who encircle him or her, ensure his / her development as a person. The direct influence of communication orientation and the level of communication needs on the status of the senior pre-schoolers was statistically confirmed. The most effective was the dialogic orientation in communication, and the most negative influence on the status in the team is the authoritarian orientation in communication.

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Published
2021-02-09
How to Cite
OnishchukТ. I. (2021). STATUS IN THE GROUP AND CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMUNICATION OF SENIOR PRESCHOOLERS: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Pedagogical Sciences, (2), 213-219. https://doi.org/10.26661/2522-4360-2020-2-33