FEATURES OF USING THE PROJECT METHOD WHILE TEACHING PEDAGOGICAL DISCIPLINES
The article reveals the peculiarities of the application of the project method in the teaching of pedagogical disciplines. It is determined that the essence of project technology is to use a holistic system of tools that provides systematic and consistent modeling of problem solving, which require participants in the educational process significant research efforts, their creative activity, research and development of optimal ways to solve projects, their public protection and analysis of the results of implementation. It is proved that the purpose of designing the educational process is to create such conditions for the teacher during its passage, according to which the result of the design is the individual experience of project activities of each student. The main requirements for the use of project technology are identified: the presence of a specific task that requires integrated knowledge, the availability of certain skills and abilities, research search in order to solve a significant problem in research, creative terms; theoretical and practical cognitive significance of the results expected in the process of performing certain tasks; individual and group independent activity of students on solving certain projects; gradual structuring of the content of the project with the selection of the results of its specific parts; application of research methods (analysis, synthesis, summing up, correction, generalization of conclusions, etc.). The article reveals the features of different types of projects that can be used in the teaching of pedagogical disciplines, namely: research, creative, informational, practice-oriented, applied, telecommunications, games, role-playing. The parameters of the external evaluation of the project and the requirements for structuring the project are highlighted. It is concluded that the use of project technologies in higher education develops the cognitive sphere and personal qualities of students, turns the teacher from a carrier of ready-made knowledge into an organizer of creative activities of future teachers. It is noted that project technologies teach students to independently look for ways to solve various problems that have theoretical and practical significance.
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