PRINCIPLE OF DIALOGISM IN THE PROCESS OF ORAL SPEECH TEACHING OF FOREIGN STUDENTS

Keywords: dialogue, dialogism, dialogic speech, oral speech, communicative task, educational process, replication, microdialogue

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the principle of dialogism in the process of teaching oral speech to foreign students, presents a theoretical analysis of the principle of dialogism. It is generally accepted that in the classroom the student must acquire various skills and abilities to conduct oral speech. First of all, this skill will help students not only to adapt to the new country, but also to fully communicate both in the learning process and in everyday life. It is determined that in the process of studying the principle of dialogism foreign students must first master the basic units of dialogic speech, namely: a replica of a dialogue as a stimulus, another replica of a dialogue as a response or reaction, which is necessarily based on a properly constructed logical system of language interaction: question – answer, question – counter questions, messages – questions, messages – invitations or requests, messages – consent or disagreement, ordering a message or request – an emotional reaction. It is noted that in the process of learning dialogue, the student acquires not only oral skills, but also the ability to interact freely with representatives of foreign culture. Because the selection of vocabulary, its processing, memorization of some individual language patterns or language integral constructions contributes not only to the rapid acquisition of a new language for them, but also the emergence of monologue speech. The emphasis is on the fact that in the process of learning oral speech it is necessary to adhere to the principle of "from simple to complex". This will help hone the rules for emphasizing words and sentence rhythms at the elementary level of learning; learn about the main types of intonation constructions of a new language for them. It turned out that the thematic focus of educational dialogues should correspond to the most typical language situations, the new vocabulary introduced into the dialogues should be related to a specific topic. Thus, the main communicative task is the driving force that leads the student to independent speech activity. One of the important factors for better learning of oral speech by foreign students is dialogue.

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Published
2021-09-07
How to Cite
Fomina, I. L. (2021). PRINCIPLE OF DIALOGISM IN THE PROCESS OF ORAL SPEECH TEACHING OF FOREIGN STUDENTS. Pedagogical Sciences: Theory and Practice , 1(1), 99-103. https://doi.org/10.26661/2522-4360-2021-1-1-15
Section
SECTION II. THEORY AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING (IN THE FIELDS OF KNOWLEDGE)