FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF DISTANCE LEARNING IN A PROFESSIONAL PEDAGOGICAL COLLEGE
The digitalization of education, the use of newer and more modern information and communication technologies and the introduction of the global Internet as the basis for education have led to changes in traditional learning models. Therefore, in higher education it is possible to develop a new direction of distance learning, which is based on computer and telecommunication technologies: mass introduction for education of various video platforms, possibility to place video lectures or e-learning on the site or in cloud storage, communication with students and colleagues in different messengers. The digital transformation of information in professional College requires from students the ability to receive, work with it and assimilate critically and independently. This is required by the system of education in professional College during the quarantine period, which dictates the basics of professional competence of future primary school teachers. Today, more and more Ukrainian researchers support the idea of introducing and developing distance learning as an important part of education. Due to the pandemic in Ukraine and around the world, the use of distance education has become especially important during prolonged isolation. On the one hand, educational institutions meet their needs to participate in the open information space, and on the other – provide opportunities to achieve educational goals through ICT. The article defines the essence formation of professional competence of future primary school teachers in a pandemic. Many difficulties and shortcomings were identified in the implementation of distance learning: the problem of continuity in pedagogical education (content, methods, forms), the content of educational material at different levels of higher education; dominance of reproductive methods and forms of education; weak orientation of training for the future profession, the inability to carry out distance learning at the same level for all students and limited effective and adequate assessment of the results of distance learning for students. The urgency of the problem of formation of professional competence of future primary school teachers in distance learning in a professional pedagogical college is due to contradictions between: growing needs of society in teachers of new formation, capable of implementing modern ICT and insufficient development of theoretical and methodological principles of their training in higher pedagogical education; growing demands on the level of formation of information competence in future primary school teachers and insufficient development of theoretical and methodological principles of its formation, unwillingness of higher education and university teachers to study online during quarantine. We used theoretical methods to solve research problems: analysis and systematization of literature on psychology, pedagogy and methods to determine the state and theoretical basis for the formation of problems in the professional abilities of future primary school teachers in modern schools. The concept of competence of primary school teachers is defined and the possibility of formation of profession and culture of teaching in modern colleges is studied.
2. Перець О. Основні критерії, рівні та показники сформованості професійної компетентності майбутнього вчителя початкових класів. Проблеми підготовки сучасного вчителя. 2010. № 2. С. 119–125.
3. Стрілець С.І. Інновації у вищій педагогічній освіті: теорія і практика : навчальний посібник. Чернігів : ФОП Лозовий В.М., 2013. 508 с.
4. Сучасна парадигма формування професіоналізму майбутніх фахівців : зб. наук. праць за матеріалами Всеукр. наук.-практ. Інтернет-конф., 20–21 квітня 2011 р. / ДВНЗ «Переяслав Хмельницький державний педагогічний ун-т імені Григорія Сковороди» ; ред. В.П. Коцур, Д.С. Мазоха. Київ : Міленіум, 2011. 216 с.