PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT IN THE USE OF FAIRYTALE THERAPY IN WORK WITH CHILDREN
The article summarizes the concept of “fairy tale therapy” as a way of psychological and pedagogical influence on the individual, which using metaphorical possibilities of fairy tales, promotes imagination, self-awareness, creativity, interaction with the world, trusting, close relationships with relatives, liberation from complexes and fears. The conditions that need diagnosis, rehabilitation, correction with the help of fairy tale therapy are indicated, including: learning problems, development of creative flair and consciousness, integration into society, interaction with the environment, fear, nervousness, aggression, complexes, enuresis. It is established that according to their structure, taking into account children’s problems, fairy tales are for: children who have phobias or feel fear; children with family; hyperactive and aggressive children. The principles of which must be followed in the use of the method of fairy tale therapy are clarified: creativity, relevance, veiling, independence, relevance, awareness, individuality. By analyzing the scientific literature, it was found that the application of fairy tale therapy is based on the following types of fairy tales: folk (folk) (the plot of such tales contains information: about magic, animals, life, transformation, horror), literary (artistic, authorial) (contains fictional) a work that imitates a folk tale or contains non-folklore plots, belongs to a specific author and has therapeutic and corrective effects), didactic (offers to perform a number of different tasks, go through the maze that leads the protagonist to success, finish line), psychocorrectional veiled, unobtrusive and mild influence is designed to help correct deviations or minor problems in the child’s behaviour), psychotherapeutic (helps to reflect on events that stimulate personal growth of the child). It is noted that the use of fairy tale therapy is based on the following methods: storytelling and inventing a fairy tale (the main recommendation is to tell a fairy tale, not reading it), drawing a fairy tale (reflected on paper emotions and feelings that do not reveal during the story or difficult to describe in words or choose the right; pay attention to the choice of colour and technique of drawing), making dolls (developing concentration, imagination, fine motor skills), fairy-tale diagnosis (allows you to find out if the child has problems, conflict situations, complexes, etc.), sand therapy (relieves internal nervous tension, improves mood, develops imagination, memory, thinking, self-knowledge, reveals individuality, promotes self-actualization and self-expression, development of coordination of movements, improves fine motor skills and orientation in space, positive communication, emotional satisfaction).
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