QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION OF SWEDEN: BASIC COMPONENTS
Institutional reviews of the HEIs’ quality assurance processes are analyzed in the article. The basis for the institutional review of the HEI’s quality assurance processes are the self-assessment of the institution, student reports, interviews, site visits, audit visits and information from various sources that are noted. The overall judgement of the HEI’s quality assurance processes is given on a three-point scale, namely approved quality assurance processes, approved quality assurance processes with reservations, quality assurance processes under review that are pointed out in the article. The process of program evaluation is characterized. The authors note that the programs evaluation is conducted in order to identify the compliance of educational programs with the needs of the labor market and further employment of graduates, the system of professional qualifications and standards. Assessment material consists of the HEI’s self-evaluation with annexes, interviews with students and representatives of the reviewed programme, and other materials. The process of appraisals of degree-awarding power applications is outlined. It is noted that the appraisals of degree-awarding power applications is the prerogative of the Authority, which decides which HEIs are to be entitled to award a degree. The step-by-step assessment of quality is described: HEI submits an application, interviews with programme representatives, the evaluation of documents concluded by the institution of higher education is carried out. HEIs submits the applications for degree-awarding powers to the Authority that is supplemented with interviews with programme representatives, interviews with students etc. that The assessment panel’s task is to report whether the programme fulfils the assessment criteria in a particular area that is noted by the authors. Thematic evaluations are analyzed and it is noted that the purpose of thematic evaluations is to provide a better understanding and national comparisons of how various HEIs work and of achieved results in the examined theme. Thematic evaluations provide acquaintance with the activities of universities, including the areas of research, internationalization, etc.
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