INDIVIDUAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL, PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL FEATURES OF THE MEDICAL MEN

  • E. M. Psiadlo Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University
  • I. A. Bulakh Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University
  • L. S. Smokova Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University
Keywords: personality orientation, medical practice, personality traits, empathy, self-actualization, emotional burnout

Abstract

The article represents the main theoretical provisions regarding various approaches to the study of doctors’ individual psychological, personal and professional characteristics problem. Purpose. The purpose of the article is to study the individual psychological, personal and professional features of the medical men. Methods. The following psychodiagnostic research methods were used to implement the set tasks: test-questionnaire “Personality orientation” by B. Bass; R. Cattell’s multivariate personality questionnaire, form C; method for diagnosing the level of empathy by I.M. Yusupov; burnout questionnaire for IMB by K. Maslach and S. Jackson and self-actualization test (SAT). The following individual psychological characteristics of representatives of medical practice were found: empathy as the ability to sympathy, self-actualization, personality orientation, and level of emotional burnout, psychological and personal qualities. The total sample of the study was 65 people. The study was conducted on the basis of hospitals in Odessa, in the surgical, therapeutic and gynecological departments. Results. The results of the study showed that the main components of the psychological portrait of the personality female doctors are characterized by sociability, willingness to cooperate, emotional responsiveness, an average level of intelligence, an orientation towards social approval of their activities, confidence and emotional sensitivity to the external environment. The personal profile of male doctors suggests that they are open and natural. They often are guided by personal experience. They are characterized by a high level of intelligence, independence in judgments, a tendency to dominance, high moral standards; they control their emotions and behavior well, but are prone to frustration. It was revealed that 1/3 of all subjects as a whole are in the risk zone, because they have burnout syndrome. Conclusions. The prospect of further research of this problem lies in the development and implementation of programs of psychological support, optimization of the internal resources of representatives of medical work.

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Published
2020-11-05