VALIDIZATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE “SCALE OF FORGIVENESS AS CHARACTER TRAIT” ON THE UKRAINIAN SAMPLE

  • S. L. Kravchuk Institute for Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: forgiveness as a character trait, validity, reliability, methodical tools

Abstract

The article presents the results of the validation of the questionnaire “Scale of forgiveness as a character trait” in the Ukrainian sample of 402 people (204 women and 198 men): 224 students aged 19 to 23 who receive their first higher education and 178 students aged 24 to 45 who receive a second higher education. The concept of forgiveness is seen as a process of a person’s conscious rejection of resentment, anger, hatred, indignation, sadness caused by the unfair treatment of others, and the replacement of negative feelings with more neutral and, finally, positive, such as compassion, pity, accompanied by positive thoughts about the offender and the termination of his conviction. It is shown that forgiveness as a dispositional trait is based on awareness of one’s own emotions and the ability to control them, as well as on the ability and willingness to show empathy towards the offender. During the validation, acceptable indicators of reliability and consistency of the questionnaire were established. The results of verification of convergent and divergent validity, retest reliability are presented. Empirical results indicate the proper reliability and validity of the questionnaire “Scale of forgiveness as a character trait”. Correlations with indicators of deep readiness for forgiveness, empathy, cooperation, communicative competence, vengeance, aggressive type of interpersonal relationships, severity of symptoms of anxiety and depression were analyzed. There is a direct significant correlation between the indicator of forgiveness as a character trait and the integral indicator of deep readiness for forgiveness, empathy, communicative competence and cooperation as a type of interpersonal relationships. Empirically, there is a significant inverse correlation between forgiveness as a character trait and a tendency to revenge, an aggressive type of interpersonal relationship, and the severity of symptoms of anxiety and depression. The questionnaire “Scale of forgiveness as a character trait” is an informative methodological tool that can be recommended for use in psychological counseling and research purposes.

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Published
2020-11-05