INDIVIDUAL UNIQUENESS OF DREAM SYMBOLS AND ARCHETYPAL SYMBOLISM

  • D. S. Drozdova Horlivka Institute for Foreign Languages of the Donbas State Pedagogical University
Keywords: archetype, dream, individual uniqueness, psycho-drawing, conscious, unconscious, method of active socio-psychological cognition, protagonist

Abstract

The article identifies a number of scholars who have addressed the issue of dreams, archetypal symbolism and symbols. The semantic component of the basic concepts of the specified problem is resulted with the help of psychoanalytic dictionaries and encyclopedias. Special attention is paid to the interpretation of archetypal symbolism by psychoanalysts such as Z. Freud and K. Jung. Emphasis is placed on the mechanisms of symbolization which were identified by Z. Freud in the process of the analysis of dreams and clarified by academician T. Yatsenko (thickening, displacement, hint, localization, generalization, masking by number, by contradiction, hyperbolization, minimization, schematization in the context of psychodynamic understanding of the psyche). The possibilities of psycho-drawings analyzing by the method of active sociopsychological cognition are revealed in the article, in particular due to the unity of conscious and unconscious components of psyche in the process of drawing, dialogical interaction of a psychologist and a respondent, spontaneity and ease of psycho-correction process, universality of archetypal symbolism. The characterological differences between the dream and the psycho-drawing are analyzed, namely, in dealing with the latter it is possible to reduce the controlling function of consciousness, to involve the respondent in the process of active activity, to work with specific images. Imagery is also defined as a connecting component of the symbolism of dreams and psycho-drawings. The definition of the concept of “archetype” in terms of the ability to use it to learn the logical, individually unique content of the unconscious respondent in order to obtain a psycho-correctional effect is submitted. It is noted that in the process of group psycho-correction it is advisable to use the analysis of dreams together with other psycho-correction techniques. The professionalism of a psychologist comes to the fore, who achieves the desired psychoanalytic result by establishing logical relationships between images, symbols, archetypes and the content of dialogic interaction with the respondent. The theoretical digression is confirmed by a fragment of the psychoanalytic analysis of the dreams of the protagonist (presented in the pictures) who took part in the work of the psycho-correctional group by the method of active sociopsychological cognition.

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Published
2021-02-15
Section
SECTION I. GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY