FAMILY INTERACTION IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL COMPETENCE OF YOUTH: RESEARCH INDICATORS

  • O. M. Sknar Institute for Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: civic competence, family interaction, family interaction environment, research indicators, boundaries, hierarchy, flexibility, cohesion

Abstract

The article is devoted to the theoretical substantiation and description of indicators of the study of interaction in the family as a factor of the development of the growing individual civic competence. It is an urgent task for modern science to study the socio-psychological factors that contribute to the formation of young people’s readiness for competent civic behavior, which facilitates their productive activities in the socio-political environment. This includes independent decisionmaking and responsibly for the decisions, collective solution of common problems, consideration of social consequences of their actions and long-term benefits for the society, etc. The rationale for studying the peculiarities of the influence of family interaction (the parents – children subsystem) on the further development of civic competence of young people is provided. Our basic assumption is understanding the role of a family as the one that determines not only the development of a child, but eventually the development of the whole society. The family environment is considered as a platform for developing attitudes, learning rules and norms, mastering interaction skills, which can promote / hinder the development of the child competence, and in the future the competent behavior of citizens in the society. The indicators for evaluation of the environment of family interaction are determined. The indicators, which will be used to assess the developmental potential of family interaction, are specified as follows: external and internal boundaries (existence and acceptance of interaction norms and rules, readiness to comply with them; responsible attitude to one’s responsibilities; right to one’s own opinion; right to participate in decisionmaking, readiness to voluntarily unite with others for a common goal); hierarchy (balance of dominance – subordination in interaction; ability to recognize the authority; control of decision-making; ability to subordinate one’s intentions, actions to common interests); flexibility of norms and rules (variability of rules of interaction when the situation in the family (community) changes; openness of negotiations on norms and rules; possibility to change roles if necessary); cohesion (“We” image, ability to empathize, participate and understand the needs and interests of others, balance of autonomy – emotional connection).

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Published
2021-02-16
Section
SECTION VІ. POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY