• T. M. Chizhenok Zaporizhzhya National University
  • Yu. O. Kovalenko Zaporizhzhya National University
Keywords: flexibility, spinal mobility, level of flexibility, physical education lessons, means of raising flexibility, boys, secondary school age


In the course of the theoretical analysis of the problem, it was established that middle school age is an important period of improving the basic functions of the body by means of physical education, at this age it is necessary to provide such a degree of all-round development that would allow mastering the perfect forms of the basic vital movements and high efficiency to show the basic motor abilities – strength, speed, endurance, coordination abilities, flexibility. Low level of flexibility leads to posture disorders, osteochondrosis, leads to changes in walking. It is a well-known fact that flexibility is one of the most important indicators of health. It serves as the basis for the development of other physical qualities, and is the basis for the successful mastery of any physical exercise. This is especially true in primary and secondary school age. An experiment was carried out, the essence of which was that 3 experimental groups of boys (experimental group No. 1, experimental group No. 2 and experimental group No. 3) performed exercises for the development of flexibility for 7 weeks in the main part of the lesson. The exercises were performed at a slow pace with a rest interval of 1–2 min between series, with the condition that the maximum range of motion was achieved in each repetition. Then the dynamics of indicators of flexibility of schoolchildren was studied after the abolition of exercises aimed at increasing the mobility of the spine. The data obtained in the course of the study provide the teacher with information about the proper state of the level of development of flexibility after the termination of exercises aimed at developing mobility in the joints of the spinal column. It was found that the indicators of flexibility of boys aged 11–13 years in experimental groups 2 and 3 confirmed the effectiveness of double and triple training compared with one-time. It was noted and recorded that the achieved level of flexibility in boys at the age of 11 was more stable. This proves that this age is critical in the development of flexibility. After the termination of exercises aimed at the development of flexibility, stabilization of the indicators of joint mobility did not occur in any of the experimental groups, in general it coincides with the literature data.


1. Ніколаєв Ю., Ніколаєв С. Розвиток гнучкості й рухливості у юнаків середнього та старшого шкільного віку. Фізичне виховання, спорт і культура здоров’я у сучасному суспільстві. 2013. № 2. С. 86–89.
2. Лях В.И. Гибкость: Основы измерения. Физическая культура в школе. 2003. № 1. С. 29–35.
3. Гужаловский А.А. Развитие двигательных качеств у школьников. Минск : Народна асвета, 2008. 152 с.
4. Альтер М.Дж. Наука о гибкости. Киев : Олимпийская литература. 2001. 424 с.
5. Круцевич Т.Ю. Теория и методика физического воспитания. Киев : Олимпийская литература, 2003. Т. 1. С. 268–283.
6. Лаврик Н.Г. Темпы снижения гибкости у детей школьного возраста после прекращения занятий, направленных на ее повышение. Материалы международной научно-методической конференции «Фундаментальные и прикладные основы теории физической культуры и теории спорта». Минск : БИФК, 2008. С. 82–85.
7. Платонов В.М., Булатова М.М. Гнучкість спортсмена і методика її розвитку. Фізична підготовка спортсмена. Київ : Олімпійська література, 2005. С. 276–317.
8. Солдаткина О.М., Борзилова Ж.О. Развитие гибкости в ходе тренировочного процесса. Фізичне виховання, спорт і культура здоров’я у сучасному суспільстві. Луцьк : ВНУ, 2008. Т. 3. С. 333–336.
9. Кузьменко І.Ю., Лопата В.Е. Оцінка рівня розвитку гнучкості школярів 12–13 років. Актуальні проблеми фізичного виховання різних верст населення : збірник наукових праць. Харків, 2018. С. 136–143.
How to Cite
Chizhenok, T. M., & Kovalenko, Y. O. (2020). DYNAMICS OF FLEXIBILITY CONSERVATION IN TEENAGERS OF MIDDLE SCHOOL AGE. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Physical Education and Sports, (1), 68-75. Retrieved from http://journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/1528