DEVELOPMENT OF POWER QUALITIES IN STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY MEANS OF POWERLIFTING

  • I. V. Mychka Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University
Keywords: students, powerlifting, physical education, physical development, physical fitness, educational process, higher educational establishments

Abstract

The article highlights the urgency of the problem of developing the strength of students of higher education. The method of development of power qualities of students by means of powerlifting is theoretically substantiated and developed. It is revealed that during powerlifting classes the basis for individual dosing of physical activity is the calculation of the repeated maximum, which is determined by raising the maximum load for each student in a given number of repetitions. Emphasis is placed on the fact that to build powerlifting classes should take into account a number of important factors: body type, physical fitness and health status of students, type and nature of strength training, volume and intensity of muscle work, weight, number of repetitions exercises and approaches, duration and nature of rest, sequence of strength exercises. Depending on these components, exercise planning was carried out. It is noted that people with different body types react differently to strength training, so when organizing strength triathlon classes in the selection of exercises for students it is necessary to apply a differentiated approach. The effectiveness of the method of development of strength qualities of students of higher education institutions in the process of powerlifting classes on the dynamics of indicators of control tests is proved. It was found that the students of the experimental group significantly improved the development of speed and strength qualities according to the results in the test “long jump from a place” (228.13 cm) compared with the results before the experiment (221.05 cm) by 7.08 cm р<0.05). Statistically significant shifts of the experimental group, in contrast to the control in the development of strength endurance (p <0.05). In the experimental group there was an improvement in the results in flexion and extension of the arms in the supine position from 35.26 to 48.39 times (t = 3.4), pull-ups on the crossbar from 7.93 to 12.21 times (t = 2.7) and in lifting the torso to the side for 1 min. from 32.46 to 38.17 times, respectively. During the experiment, the students of the control group were able to significantly improve their results on the test of lifting the torso to the side for 1 min (p <0,05).

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Published
2021-02-08
How to Cite
Mychka, I. V. (2021). DEVELOPMENT OF POWER QUALITIES IN STUDENTS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY MEANS OF POWERLIFTING. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Physical Education and Sports, (2), 70-74. https://doi.org/10.26661/2663-5925-2020-2-10