PILOT PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING THE FUNCTIONAL READINESS OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED ROWERS

  • A. V. Svatiev Zaporizhzhya National University
  • D. A. Miftakhutdinova Dnipropetrovsk Regional School of Higher Sports Skills
  • A. V. Simonik Zaporizhzhya National University
Keywords: rowing, functional fitness, highly qualified athletes

Abstract

In the article, the authors investigate the problem of the effectiveness of using various training programs to improve the level of functional fitness of highly qualified athletes specializing in rowing. 10 athletes, members of the national team of Ukraine at the beginning of the preparatory and competitive periods of the third and fourth macrocycles were examined. The main feature of the experimental program was the redistribution of the volume of training loads with an emphasis on aerobic, aerobic-anaerobic and strength-oriented physical activities. In comparison with the traditional program, it was proposed to increase the volume of rowing in aerobic mode at the general preparatory stage by 10–11%, specially preparatory-by 12–14%, at the pre – competition stage – by 7–8% and at the competitive stage by 6–7%. Changes in the volume of rowing work in the mixed (aerobicanaerobic) mode were 12–14%, 13–15%, 9–10% and 7–8%, respectively, and in the anaerobic mode from 12–15% at the general preparatory stage to 5–6% at the competitive stage. In addition, the volume of loads on speed and strength training was increased by 15–16%, strength training by 20–22%, and special training on the Concept-2 ergometer-by 17–19%. The presented changes were made due to a corresponding reduction in the number of training hours for the general physical training of rowers of the National Rowing Team of Ukraine. To assess the level of functional fitness of female athletes and its individual components, our study used an improved computer program of rapid assessment “SHVSM”. The results of the study proved the higher effectiveness of the training program developed by the authors, in comparison with the traditional training program. A higher level of functional readiness of athletes of the Ukrainian national rowing team in the fourth macrocycle of the four-year Olympic training cycle was achieved by increasing the volume of rowing in aerobic and aerobicanaerobic mode, as well as the volume of special training on the Concept-2 rowing ergometer. Prospects for further research in this area. It is planned to further modernize the author’s training program for highly qualified athletes specializing in rowing, in the annual training cycle aimed at achieving the maximum possible model characteristics.

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Published
2021-02-08
How to Cite
Svatiev, A. V., Miftakhutdinova, D. A., & Simonik, A. V. (2021). PILOT PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING THE FUNCTIONAL READINESS OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED ROWERS. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Physical Education and Sports, (2), 153-158. https://doi.org/10.26661/2663-5925-2020-2-23