PECULIARITIES OF INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATICS

  • О. V. Sharan Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University
  • V. L. Sharan Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University
  • S. V. Pugalo Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University
Keywords: elementary school pupils, intelligence, harmonious development, basics of informatics, computer, method

Abstract

The article shows that the formation of the intellectual abilities of elementary school children as an integral part of the harmonious development of children's personality is one of important tasks of modern elementary school. It is highlighted that information technology, and hence the "Steps to Informatics" as a subject, today occupy a prominent place in the intellectual development of the junior pupil's personality. It is emphasized that the qualitative characteristic of an intellectually developed pupil is a certain level of his thinking formation. The influence of studying informatics on elementary school pupil's thinking development and methodical support of the process of his intellectual development on informatics lessons are considered. In particular, it is noted that the problematic organization of teaching the basics of informatics and the correct choice of tasks contribute to pupils' intellectual development. Requirements to the system of tasks that promote the intellectual development of junior schoolchildren are allocated. Various types of thinking that can be actively formed with the help of computers are considered, in particular: operational, algorithmic, logical, and creative thinking. Examples of software applications focused on intelligence development and adapted for the education of elementary school children are given. The importance of creating a training game environment is emphasized. The types of the most appropriate software resources are indicated. The importance of using interactive and project tasks is also noted. The closed, open, and research types of game programs are highlighted as they promote the intellectual development of elementary school children and should be used in informatics lessons in elementary school. The positive role of a comfortable psychological atmosphere in informatics lessons in elementary school is also noted. It is concluded that the integration of computers into the educational process and its organic combination with traditional teaching methods in compliance with the selected didactic conditions have a positive impact on the development of elementary school children's intelligence.

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Published
2020-10-21
How to Cite
SharanО. V., Sharan, V. L., & Pugalo, S. V. (2020). PECULIARITIES OF INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATICS. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Pedagogical Sciences, (1), 84-88. Retrieved from http://journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/pedagogics/article/view/1444