LEGAL EDUCATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS AS A BASIS FORMATION OF THEIR TOLERANT ATTITUDE TOWARDS MARGINALIZED LAYERS OF SOCIETY IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
The article highlights the problem of increasing the level of tolerance of modern society to marginalized layers of the population by organizing the legal education of future teachers in the system of higher educational institutions. The purpose of the article is theoretically and empirically study of the problem of legal education of future teachers as a basis for the formation of their tolerant attitude to marginalized layers of society in the education system; determination of the current state of formation of readiness for tolerant interaction of future teachers in higher educational institutions. The phenomenon of tolerance is examined as a virtue of a legal society, which is revealed in the right of all its members to be different on the basis of interaction and mutual understanding. It is analysed a number of important steps to establish the legal basis for tolerant relations in various spheres of Ukrainian society, based on the recognition of rights and freedoms as the highest human value and a priority in the protection of human dignity and inviolability. Pedagogical diagnostics of the real level of readiness of students for tolerant interaction of higher educational institutions is carried out, for this purpose the corresponding criterion base is developed, qualitative and quantitative population of participants of the experiment is defined, the technique of carrying out of ascertaining experiment is made. The study was conducted at the Municipal Establishment “Kharkiv Humanitarian and Pedagogical Academy” of Kharkiv Regional Council during 2019‒2020 academic year. The total sample number of participants in our study was 107 people ‒ 2‒3 year students of different faculties of the academy. It was found that a high level of ability to tolerant interaction, which implies a positive attitude to oneself and others, understanding of the essence of human rights, was found in a few students ‒ 22.4%, most (57.9%) showed an average level of tolerance, which involves adequate self-esteem, self-criticism, but a selective attitude towards others. There was also a certain number of students (19.7%) who showed a low level of ability to tolerant interaction, which was expressed in the stereotypical thinking formed by students about marginalized categories of the population. The reason for this is the lack of a system of legal education of future professionals, which ensures the formation of a conscious attitude to tolerant interaction in the educational environment.
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