PRACTICAL METHODS OF USING MIND MAPPING TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING ENGLISH FOR STUDENTS OF ENGINEERING SPECIALTIES
The concept of “mind mapping” is highlighted in the article, theoretical justification for the feasibility of introducing mental maps into the educational process of a university is provided. The scientific approaches of native and foreign scientists to the determination of the principles of creation and potential possibilities of using mental maps in training are considered. Attention is drawn to the similarities and differences between mental maps and close to them graphical abstracts by V. Shatalov and frames by M. Minskyi. The effectiveness of the use of mind mapping is argued specifically for students of engineering specialties, for whom systemic, substantive, radial thinking is closer. The advantages and disadvantages of using mental maps in the educational process are considered, the need to observe the interactive nature of collaboration during the use of mental maps in the lesson is emphasized. The potential of mind mapping as a motivating factor for learning a foreign language, the possibility of technology in the process of forming and improving language and speech skills, the assimilation of sociocultural information as a means of organizing individual and group, classroom and independent work of students, and the development of students’ creative and intellectual abilities are analyzed. Ways of using mental maps in teaching English to students of technical higher educational institutions are proposed for the formation of lexical, grammatical skills, the development of written speech and listening, composing a monologic statement, where the ability to generate own ideas is important as well as to find causal relationships, the most rational decision, draw conclusions. Attention is drawn to the methodological rules that should be considered when using mental maps in class. It is concluded that mental maps are a productive alternative to traditional methods of information processing, they turn a student into an active creator of his own knowledge, provide an opportunity for a teacher to use study time productively and get high results in the process of foreign language training of students.
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