“OBSERVER” COGNITION IN THE FORMATION OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF PERSON CATEGORY OF THE RUSSIAN VERB

  • I. L. Matsehora
Keywords: cognitive science, formation, morphological paradigm, verb, finite form, figure of observer

Abstract

The current state of linguistic research is characterized by a great interest in the problems of the functioning of linguistic units. It can be stated that in the coming twenty years, there the fundamental question will arise about what in the system itself allows it to function the way it functions, and not otherwise. In this regard, many problems concerning the functioning and modeling of the paradigmatic elements of different parts of speech have not been sufficiently studied, and only certain trends have been outlined in their study. The new vector of disciplinary ideas and representations in linguistics is associated with a change in the general attitude toward the cognition of objects nature, in this connection the classical knowledge attitude concedes to a neoclassical approach oriented to understanding. Cognitive linguistics, sometimes also called cognitive grammar is one of the most spectacular and drastic innovations in linguistics at the turn of the XX–XXI centuries. The purpose of this article is to reveal the peculiarities of verbal lexemes formation in the modern Russian language (including cases of defect and redundancy) in terms of cognitive processes. Consideration of the morphological paradigm of the Russian verb through the prism of cognitive characteristics allows us to state a new turn of this linguistics branch towards functionalism, which orients grammar to the correlation with syntagmatic activity (speech). The role of cognitive factors influencing the completeness/incompleteness of the morphological paradigm of the person category of the Russian verb was defined during the research. The role of the “observer” factor in the formation of this linguistic anomaly is analyzed on the material of lexemes characterized by inflectional insufficiency. The absence specificity of the paradigm obligatory elements of the grammatical category of a person based on the schemes of cognitive speech production is characterized. The results of the study show that the cognitive specificity of morphological paradigms lies in the peculiarity of the thinking, cognitive content and grammatical categories correlation, which is especially clear when expressing the objective properties of reality in grammatical forms. Among the factors influencing the formation process of morphological forms of the grammatical category of the person the most significant are the figure of the observer’s position and its position itself, the event frame of the process, determined by its coordinates in space. These factors cause the defect in the paradigm of finite, aspect and tense forms of the Russian verb.

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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Matsehora, I. L. (2020). “OBSERVER” COGNITION IN THE FORMATION OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF PERSON CATEGORY OF THE RUSSIAN VERB. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Philological Sciences, 1(1), 165-171. https://doi.org/10.26661/2414-9594-2020-1-1-24