ZAPORIZHIA CHIVALRY IN THE LITERARY INTERPRETATION OF SPIRIDON CHERKASENKO
The article is devoted to understanding the artistic visions of the Ukrainian writers, in particular of Spyridon Cherkasenko, the events of the distant past, when Zaporizh Sich became the center of Cossack spirit of liberty and the only possible means of saving native land from foreign abusers. The relevance of this study can be explained by the burning interest to the phenomenon of the Cossacks. The heroes of the works of Ukrainian and foreign authors were both real historical figures and collective images of knights. In the focus of Spiridon Cherkasenko (novel “The adventures of young knight”, 1934) was just such a hero –the embodiment of courage, strength, courage, recklessness, ale and at the same time of tender love for his mother and his beloved one.
The purpose of this article, therefore, is to define the basic parameters of the artistic world of adventure works of Spiridon Cherkasenko, characteristics of plot and compositional structure of the text, and attempt to perform an artistic variation of the writer, his vision of long-past time events and the effects of activities of Free Zaporizhya Cossacks on the Ukrainian lands.
Each stage of Ukraine’s struggle for independence, identity and the right to live on the own land as free people was associated with bloody conflicts, a significant human loss and a symbol of freedom has always been a free knight of the Wild field. Not coincidentally in such a tragic for the Ukrainian statehood times appeared undeservedly forgotten novel of the talented writer Spiridon Cherkasenko.
We can’t talk about idealization and cult of the Cossacks in this work, here is shown the usual routine of the soldiers, their dirty work along with the glorification of the shows and the baseness of some members. But it is the image of Pavlo Zburlyay who embodied the ideal of the Cossack which was envisioned by the author. As for the genre it is more an adventure than a historical work which is supposed to be read with ease, but those ideals, the attitude to the aim of a man-Cossack are brought up in the main character since childhood.
He himself idealizes the Cossacks and Sich, but when it turns out that the activities of the Hetman is subordinate to the Polish gentry and in combat skirmishes the Cossacks are used basically as cannon fodder to protect the wealth of the Polish gentry, Paul decides to return to a peaceful (as much as it was possible) life.
Pavlo Pohil is depicted in the novel as a fairy-tale hero who emerges victorious from any difficult situation, even from such a combat where it is impossible to escape. However, he remains morally pure and faithful to his desire to liberate his land from invaders, save the slaves who have been waiting for years for Zaporizhia brothers (as the elder Pohil) on the Turkish galleys and in the palaces.
Spiridon Cherkasenko’s work is still relevant today. It is available for reading and understanding for the contemporary youth, to understand the origins of patriotism and self-identification with the fate of their country.
2. Черкасенко С. Ф. Твори: В 2-х т. / Спиридон Черкасенко – К.: Дніпро, 1991. – Т.2. – 671 с.