SOME FEATURES OF THE FUNCTIONING OF THE UNITS OF TIME IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE DIALECT NARRATIVE TEXTS

  • O. V. Yusikova
Keywords: semantic and syntactic level of language, the units of time, text- narration, Hutsul dialect, taxis

Abstract

Abstract. This article analyzes the syntactic units of time both units of semantic-syntactic language level within the

text. The main means of expression of the category of time are adverbs. We used the dialect texts from the dialect of the village Bohdan, Rakhiv district, Transcarpathian region recorded by us during the 2010–2011 years.

Purpose. The aim of our study is to describe some of the functioning syntactic units of time in the structure of the dialect narration, by analyzing the text of a particular dialect. The syntactic units of time structure expressed by the analytical morphological adverbs in the dialect narration text. The article is including specific research tasks of the syntactic units of time indefinite simultaneity and sequence. In dialect narration the formal level grammatical functions of the structure of the syntactic units of time are performing analytical morphological adverbs. Material investigated within the syntactic structure of the Hutsul dialect.

Methods. The descriptive method is the main method in our study.

Results. Syntactic units of time considered as the main means of expressing the category of time within the text. An interesting feature is the presentation of the category of time in the text by the contrast between two points on the time axis. Investigated dialect material shows the role of the opposition time on which to built-dialect text describing characteristics of groups of situations, particularly traced in the text of clauses operation-time situation, which changes depending on the intentions of the speaker and temporal qualitative determination. The text of the category of time is represented as being subordinate to the human person as the creator of discourse. Analyz of the syntactic units of time indefinite simultaneity, sequence. Attention is focused on the phenomenon of the opposition time measurements in the text repeats syntactic units of time, structure of semantic and syntactic design is the result of coagulation semantically complex sentences with time ratios between its parts. We can distinguish three types of the units of time: units of time denominated derivatives time subordinate clauses state in the position of the main determinants of the sentence that the formal grammatical levels are adverbiatyvamy to describe a certain point on the time axis, a period of time; Two of the units of time based on the taxis relations: 1) derivatives that function as parts of a complex sentence contractors; 2) that act as spokesmen time relationships between semantically equal sentences. Differentiation minimum number of the units of time based on the defining contrast: simultaneity – previous time phenomena under which category of time values embodied in three units: simultaneity, time previous and time continuity. Within the duration of the semantic  features inherent  time attitude, opposed values  and definitions indefinite simultaneity.

Originality: The analysis identifies the most common model of the syntactic units of time within the category of time. An interesting feature is the presentation of the syntactic units of time within the text through the contrast between two points on the time axis. An interesting factor is the repetition of the syntactic units, repetition of the semantically-elementary situations, synonymous of the markers of time and more.

Conclusion: Our analysis shows that the main means of expression of relations of time in the text are the syntactic units of time. The syntactic units of time in dialect text descriptions are important for described events and phenomena. An interesting factor is the repetition of the syntactic units of time in the the designs of the complex sentences. Text descriptions are important rather long period of time described events and phenomena. Within the semantic and syntactic relations in taxis researched texts describing prevailing attitude time sequences represented in the designs. An interesting factor is the repetition of the units of time.The analysis of temporal functioning of the syntactic units opens perspectives for further study not only the syntactic category of time but the syntactic features of the Ukrainian dialect language in general.

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Published
2017-06-20
How to Cite
Yusikova, O. V. (2017). SOME FEATURES OF THE FUNCTIONING OF THE UNITS OF TIME IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE DIALECT NARRATIVE TEXTS. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Philological Sciences, (1), 209-214. Retrieved from http://journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/philology/article/view/656