PECULIARITIES OF THE USAGE OF HYPNOSTYLISTIC PATTERNS OF THE SYNTACTIC LEVEL IN HYPNOTIC DISCOURSE
This article is devoted to the study of non-directive, or Ericksonian, hypnosis, which is based on the use of the hypnotherapist’s hypnotic speech, characterized by specific lingual patterns. The purpose of the article is to outline the linguistic features of the use of hypnostylistic patterns of the syntactic level in Chinese hypnotic discourse. The object of the study is hypnotic discourse in Chinese, and the subject – the mechanisms of conducting a hypnotic communicative act in Chinese. The material was transcripts of speech recordings of hypnotherapists during hypnotic sessions in Chinese with a total volume of about 50 hours. Hypnotic discourse is the result of communication in a situation of hypnotherapeutic act together with all (tangible and intangible) components of the communicative situation. Linguistic study of transogenic patterns, or hypnostylistic patterns of hypnotic speech, is carried out within hypnostylistics using the method of hypnostylistic analysis. This study examined the syntactic level of the hypnotic patterns used by hypnotherapists to form a state of hypnotic trance in the client. Hypnostylistic patterns that lead to transderivational search (including violations of selective restriction (used 458 times), ambiguity – phonological or syntactic (used 8 times), smaller embedded structures – embedded question (used 514 times), embedded command (used 1670 times), citation, and an auxiliary technique such as analog marking, in addition, the hypnotic syntactic level patterns were identified, which are based on explication of meaning, including presuppositions (used 3089 times) and colloquial postulates (used 795 times). The most commonly used among them are presuppositions, smaller embedded structures (in particular, embedded commands), which characterizes Chinese hypnosis as more direct and prone to giving commands, albeit within a non-directive approach. Further research is planned to focus on a comprehensive analysis of the full repertoire of hypnostylistic patterns of Chinese and other world languages.
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