VERBALIZATION OF THE DEMOCRACY CONCEPT IN US PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH’S INAUGURAL SPEECHES: LINGUISTIC AND COGNITIVE ASPECTS

  • V. V. Lykina
Keywords: concept, DEMOCRACY concept, George W. Bush, inaugural speech, perceptual component, evaluative component

Abstract

The analysis of the verbalization of the DEMOCRACY concept in US President George W. Bush’s inaugural speeches (2001 and 2005) reveals their appeal to various aspects of the concept under study. The study of verbalization of concepts primarily involves determining their structure, and therefore we rely on the proposed by V.I. Karasyk three-dimensional structure of the concept, which includes notional, perceptual and evaluative components. To identify ways to glorify the three components of the concept, we rely on the definition of the noun democracy in English dictionaries. The first inaugural refers to the perceptual component of the concept while the second address focuses on the evaluative component named by the unit freedom referring to the defining feature of democracy. The dominance of the perceptual element in the first inaugural address is revealed by the noun government, which through combination with units with the semantics of dynamics reflects the cabinet’s activity, and by the unit people, denoting the laymen, mostly characterized by a tendency towards rest. The dominance of the perceptual component in the first inaugural is also revealed by the sequence of the units: in the introduction to the speech the noun people refers to the perceptual component; in the text body the unit democracy names the notional component; and in the conclusion the evaluative element is evoked by the units freedom, justice, fairness combined with the nouns people and government. Conversely, in the second inaugural speech, the DEMOCRACY concept is mainly verbalized by reference to its evaluative component, denoted by the units freedom and liberty. Unlike the first inaugural, which expresses the president’s gratitude to the nation for electing him into office, the second address is aimed at defending the country’s freedom after the terrorist attacks on the United States. It is denoted by the nouns liberty, freedom and the combination of the adjective free with other units in the communicative sections of appeal to the nation; to the world community; to the fellow citizens. Generally, the second inaugural speech emphasizes the interaction of liberty as a manifestation of DEMOCRACY with forward motion which symbolizes a further development of democracy.

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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Lykina, V. V. (2020). VERBALIZATION OF THE DEMOCRACY CONCEPT IN US PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH’S INAUGURAL SPEECHES: LINGUISTIC AND COGNITIVE ASPECTS. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Philological Sciences, 1(1), 124-130. https://doi.org/10.26661/2414-9594-2020-1-1-18