PERCEPTION OF THE NATIONAL CHARACTER IN THE UKRAINIAN NON-FICTION LITERATURE

  • O. О. Stadnichenko
Keywords: interpretation, memoir prose, national character, memories, diary

Abstract

The article reveals the peculiarities of interpretation of the national character of the Ukrainian autobiographical

prose. The differences in the reflection of the national character in fiction and non-fiction literature are stressed. Memoir prose of Ukrainian writers “Diaries” by Oles Honchar and “Memories” by Dmytro Pavlychko is the subject of the study.

In memoir prose of the Ukrainian writers interpretation of national character on the example of concrete figures meetsoften enough, as in memoirs, remembrances, diaries authorsoften call to description of acquaintances people astransmitters of national mentality them.

The book “Recollections” by Dmytro Pavlychko in two volumes published in 2015 is considered. The author of the article points  out that the book  is  synthetic combination  of memoirs, where the writer appeals  to his  life’s comprehension of his first steps to present time. A lot of attention in the book is paid to highlighting writer ’s relations with his numerous contemporaries; writers and public-political figures of the period from the end of 1940th to our days.

Actuality of the article is determined by an increasing scientists’ attention of the end of ХХ – beginning of ХХІ century to non-fiction literature and also by deep interest in recreation of its characters especially of contradictory ХХ century, its real figures, in particular writers, statesmen and historical background when all events took place and when acting people and the writer himself were hostages of recollections.

In “Recollections” of Dmytro Pavlychko it is possible to read to remembrance the essays, sanctified to many people thatreally are the transmitters of the real lines of Ukrainian mentality and national character. It, in particular,   М. Rylsky,   О. Honchar,   О. Dovzhenko,   С. Paradzhanov,   М. Bazhan,   K. Morozov,   О. Yemets, N. Krukova, and many others.

The book “Recollections” by Dmytro Pavlychko and “Diaries” by Oles Honchar have documentarily publicistic nature. In every essay that is unconnected with other essays, the writer as though strings the stories about his life, his development as a poet and public figure and factors that were crucial for formation of his outstanding personality. Through the writer’s personal perception one can see the tragic Ukrainian history of ХХ century.

 

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Published
2017-06-20
How to Cite
StadnichenkoO. О. (2017). PERCEPTION OF THE NATIONAL CHARACTER IN THE UKRAINIAN NON-FICTION LITERATURE. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Philological Sciences, (1), 40-45. Retrieved from http://journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/philology/article/view/629