THE ABSTRACT NOUNS WITH SUFFIXES -ЬВА, -ОВА IN THE WORD-BUILDING SYSTEM OF THE OLD SLAVONIC LANGUAGE

  • T. V. Siroshtan
Keywords: abstract, derivative, word-building formant, suffix, denotative base, word-forming type

Abstract

The article studies abstract nouns denoting mental categories, posture, mind, define various generic concepts, generalize generalized concepts, indicate quality and acts, processes and conditions, properties, characteristics, temporal and spatial realities etc. They may express different degrees of intensity of the abstract and approach to specific nouns by its meaning. These names point also the appropriate grammatical categories of abstraction due to usage of only specific word-forming suffixes and absence of the plural category.

The relevance of this research is based on the fact that the Old Slavonic language throughout its history created its own vocabulary of abstract terms, so the study of the word-building structure of the abstracts provides important material for understanding such words’ structure and functioning in the derivative system of the Ukrainian language. Suffixes -ьba, -oba were formed as a result of integration of Indo-European origin formant -ba and bases of primary abstracts with thematic suffixes -а- or -о-.

Verbal derivatives have main meaning “substantive action” and have structures that occupy an intermediate position between the verb and noun. They combine several word-forming types with more specific semantics: the nominations of people’s deeds (*bornьbа, *dаrьbа, *dělitьbа, *krаdьbа, *strělьbа), the names of generalized acts performed by a person, animal or elemental forces of nature (*gǫdьbа, *kиrьbа, *kvilьbа, *lіčьbа, *nаgodьbа), the nominations of thought processes and their speech implementation (*božьbа, *gаnьbа, *grozьbа, *lаjьbа, *žаlobа), the names of agricultural operations, industrial processes (*bеrьbа, *gordьbа, *kositьbа, *krаsьbа, *orьbа), the nominations of the internal condition, mood, feeling person (*l’иtьbа, *nаdьbа, *něžьbа), the names of actions that occur  between people  and  indicate  their  relationship  (*družьbа,  *gаlьbа,  *mіrьbа),  time  concepts  (*bеrьbа, *gostьbа, *lіnьbа), the names of movements (*xоdьbа, *lаzьbа), of workflow (*mуtьbа, *nosьbа).

Adjective abstracts include the presence of an object’s properties, called by denotative word, or the state, pointed by denotative adjective. In the Old Slavonic language they represented a small number of different word-forming meanings: the names of feelings, moods, internal human condition (*gъrdobа, *lěnobа, *zьlobа), the nominations of the physical condition of human, his appearance (*хиdobа, *lьgobа, *mъdьlobа), the names of generalized signs in color (*bělobа, *blědobа, *črnobа).

Substantive derivatives in the Old Slavonic language do not form a distinct wordbuilding types (*gnusobа, *lěkobа). In the Old Slavonic language formants -ьba, -oba showed activity in the creation of abstract names from verb and less often from adjective bases. Studying the history of abstracts’ word-forming types of the next  stages of development of the Ukrainian language is the prospect of further investigation, so as it will display the features of formation of Ukrainian noun’s word-building system and of the ordering of its elements.

 

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Published
2017-06-20
How to Cite
Siroshtan, T. V. (2017). THE ABSTRACT NOUNS WITH SUFFIXES -ЬВА, -ОВА IN THE WORD-BUILDING SYSTEM OF THE OLD SLAVONIC LANGUAGE. Bulletin of Zaporizhzhia National University. Philological Sciences, (1), 204-209. Retrieved from http://journalsofznu.zp.ua/index.php/philology/article/view/655