SCANDINAVIAN WALKING AS AN EFFECTIVE MEANS PREPARATION OF STUDENTS FOR PARTICIPATION IN SKIING TOURIST HIKING
The article substantiates and highlights the method of preliminary preparation of students for a ski trip using the means of Nordic walking. The results of the study showed that walking by its physiological effect on the body belongs to the effective cyclic aerobic exercises and can be used both to increase motor activity and to correct risk factors for cardiovascular disease, improve respiratory and circulatory function, musculoskeletal apparatus, metabolism. Analysis of the current state of physical culture and health work in higher education institutions indicates the need to use programming in order to purposefully form a comprehensive development of students’ personalities. To determine the effectiveness of the preliminary preparation of students for participation in ski hiking, studies of students of higher education institutions were conducted. The set of data obtained by the observational experiment (anthropometric data, physiological, functional state of the cardiovascular system, level of health and adaptive capacity of the body, physical fitness, level of motivation) shows that the level of development and functioning of all studied parameters corresponds, in the vast majority, below average level of development, which emphasizes the low efficiency or lack of existing programs. The developed program of preliminary preparation of students for participation in ski hiking provided smooth variation of training effects of Nordic walking depending on a stage of the program (cognitive-educational, conditioning, effective), including also game stretching and various mobile and sports games. The most important specific qualities of skiers are highlighted, namely: static and force endurance of back muscles, ability to show the set force tensions, coordination of hand movements. The results of the pedagogical experiment showed the feasibility of using experimental methods of preliminary preparation of students for hiking with the use of Nordic walking, which significantly improved the functional state of the body (cardio-respiratory system, health and adaptive capacity), physical fitness and psychological attitudes in the form of improving motivation for physical activity. It is proved that the preliminary training by means of Nordic walking ensured the development of skiing techniques and accelerated the adaptation to skiing during a tourist ski trip in comparison with the students of the control group. Students of the experimental group spent for walking 93.9 km of the hiking route 22.30 hours, while students of the control group – 28.10 hours. This is less by 5.40 hours, ie savings – one running day. The results of the experiment confirm the effectiveness of the method of preliminary preparation of students for hiking with the use of Nordic walking, which can be recommended to professionals who prepare groups to participate in hiking.
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